Pasay City, Philippines. The National Competitiveness Council recognizes the most competitive local government units in the Philippines during the 5th edition of the Regional Competitiveness Summit, highlighting the results of the Cities and Municipalities Competitiveness Index (CMCI).
Leading the overall most competitive Highly Urbanized City (HUC) is Quezon City, which won the same title last year. The second placer, City of Manila, moved up from third rank in 2016. Third placer Davao City improved from 5th last year. For the overall most competitive Component and Independent Cities, Antipolo City rose to the top ranking, replacing last year’s Naga City which now ranks 2nd. At third is Tagum City which jumped from previous year’s 9th place.
Municipalities of Cainta and Taytay in Rizal stayed as the first and second overall most competitive 1st-3rd class municipality, respectively, while the neighboring Angono, Rizal ranked third, moving three notches up from sixth last year. For the 3rd-6th class municipalities, Baler, Quezon inched to the top place from previous 2nd place. Mambajao, Camiguin ranked 3rd, while Tayug, Pangasinan placed 4th.
Rizal province remained as the overall most competitive province, while South Cotabato is now 2nd place, and Cavite Province at 3rd.
Most Economically Vibrant LGUs
The Economic Dynamism Pillar of CMCI measures the economic activity and productivity of an LGU , which include the size and growth of the local economy (business registrations, capital, revenue, permits), capacity to generate jobs, cost of living, cost of business, etc.
For the HUCs, Pasay City rose as the top performer, displacing last year’s Quezon City, which is now at second place. Makati City remained at third place. For Component Cities, General Trias City is a consistent top performer in the economic pillar, being first as a 1st-2nd class municipality in the past rankings. San Fernando City, Pampanga landed in 2nd place, and last year’s top city Naga, Camarines Sur slid to third place.
Cainta, Rizal is now the most economically dynamic 1st-2nd municipality, followed by Taytay, Rizal (2nd), and Sto. Tomas, Batangas (3rd). First time winners emerged in the 3rd-4th municipalities as Mambajao, Camiguin ranked no.1 in this category, with Tayug, Pangasinan, and Dumanjug Cebu in 2nd and 3rd place respectively.
Most efficient LGUs
In the Government Efficiency Pillar, competitiveness of LGUs is determined through the reliability and quality of government support for effective and sustainable expansion, and absence of corruption.
Manila and Quezon City maintained its last year’s positions as the top and second most efficient LGUs in the HUC category, respectively, with Muntinlupa City at 3rd place. Naga City, Camarines Sur topped the Component Cities in this pillar, followed by Cotabato City and Antipolo City.
In the 1st-2nd class municipalities, Cainta, Rizal still led this category, with Isulan, Sultan Kudarat at second, and Taytay Rizal at third. New LGUs topped the 3rd -6th class municipalities led by Cardona, Rizal (1st), Bauko, Mountain Province (2nd), and Baras, Rizal (3rd).
The third pillar measures the availability of necessary physical building blocks that connect and sustain a locality and its surroundings to enable provision of goods and services. Data involved includes existing road network, distance from major ports, availability of basic utilities, internet connection, etc.
For the HUC Category, Quezon City remained to be on top of the list, followed by Manila and Davao City. Antipolo City ranked first among Component Cities with Tagum City at 2nd and Naga City, Camarines Sur at 3rd. Municipalities of Taytay (1st), Cainta (2nd), and Angono (3rd), all in Rizal, topped the 3rd-6th class municipalities. For the 3rd-6th class municipalities, Baler, Aurora ranked first, followed by Allacapan, Cagayan (2nd), and Panglao, Bohol (3rd).
Most resilient LGUs
This year’s CMCI centers on sustainable competitiveness, by adding the Resiliency dimension as part of the index. Resiliency at the context of local level is defined as ability of the people, households, communities, countries, and systems to mitigate, adapt to and recover from shocks and stresses and manner that reduces chronic vulnerability and facilitates inclusive growth.
Davao City led the HUC Category, followed by Quezon City and Manila. In the Component Cities, Bayawan City, Negros Oriental is the most resilient followed by Calapan City, Oriental Mindoro (2nd) and Gen. Trias City, Cavite (3rd) . Cainta, Rizal led the 1st-2nd Class municipalities in terms of resiliency, next is Veruela, Agusan del Sur (2nd) and Carmona, Cavite (3rd). Mambajao Camiguin ranked first among 3rd-4th class municipalities, together with Nasipit, Agusan del Norte (2nd) and Baler, Aurora (3rd).
The need to measure an LGU’s disaster preparedness and the ability to recover from the impact of risks, in light of the recent calamities that shocked several areas of the country, has prompted the NCC to expand its three pillars: Economic Dynamism, Government Efficiency, and Infrastructure, and include Resiliency as a crucial component of LGU competitiveness.
With the new Resiliency pillar as part of the survey, NCC believes that data gathered from the LGUs can help policymakers gauge not only the economic efficiency of a particular region but also determine level of responsiveness of LGUs to risks and vulnerabilities, and their capacity to recover from disasters.
Most improved LGUs
NCC also acknowledges the efforts exerted by LGUs in improving their standing in the competitiveness index. The following LGUs were recognized for the substantial gains they made in the rankings: for HUC- Tacloban City (1st), Zamboanga City (2nd), Taguig City (3rd); for Component Cities- Bago City, Negros Occidental (1st), San Carlos City, Pangasinan (2nd) and Maasin City, Southern Leyte (3rd); for 1st-2nd class municipalities- Bongabon, Nueva Ecija (1st), Paranas, Samar (2nd), and Baliwag City; and lastly for 3rd-6th class municipality- Ivisan, Capiz (1st) , Garcia-Hernandez, Bohol(2nd), and Rizal, Laguna (3rd).
The Cities and Municipalities Competitiveness Index is an annual ranking developed by NCC through the Regional Competitiveness Committees (RCC) with the support of United States Agency for International Development (USAID) and Globe Telecom.